York Explored the West With Lewis and Clark, But His Freedom Wouldn’t Come Until Decades Later

  A statue of York with Lewis and Clark in Great Falls, Montana. (Andre Jenny / Alamy Stock Photo) By Shoshi Parks Then again, York didn’t have a say in the matter. Though he had grown up side-by-side with William Clark—future leader of the first-known expedition to travel over land from the Eastern seaboard to the Pacific […]

How Native Amerikan slaveholders complicate the Trail of Tears narrative @SmithsonianNMAI

Choctaw chief Greenwood LeFlore had 15,000 acres of Mississippi land (above, his Mississippi home Malmaison) and 400 enslaved Africans under his dominion. (Library of Congress) via How Native American slaveholders complicate the Trail of Tears narrative @SmithsonianNMAI

Mass incarceration for profit: The dual impact of the 13th Amendment and the unresolved question of national oppression in the United States

African Americans remain the targets of a system of institutional racism and super-exploitation by Abayomi Azikiwe As the United States faces profound challenges in the areas of race relations, class exploitation, the rights of immigrants, women and other marginalized groups, the threat of world war and other potential calamities, it is of utmost necessity that those […]

The Endless Amerikan Horror: Lynching and Police

BY DEVON D. BOWERS In 1918 Brook County, Georgia, a local plantation owner was killed by Sidney Johnson, a black man who had been leased out to the plantation via the convict lease system, in a dispute over unpaid wages. Upon hearing this, the white community went on a rampage and lynched not only Johnson, but […]


  By Andrew Stewart    Note: At the outset I would like to acknowledge the profound debt this essay owes the work of Dr. Jared Ball, Dr. Todd Burroughs, and the website ImixWhatILike, all of whom have produced amazing criticism in the lead-up and on the release weekend of this film. I began studying Africa […]

Study Reveals Deep Shortcomings With How Schools Teach Amerika’s History of Slavery

Southern Poverty Law Center’s recent report identifies key problems when it comes to educating students on slavery—and offers guidance on how to fix them By Jason Daley SMITHSONIAN.COM Discussing difficult topics in a meaningful way with adolescents isn’t easy. But that’s the responsibility that comes with the job for history teachers. However, as Cory Turner at NPR reports, a new […]

Inside Mississippi’s notorious Parchman prison

By  Hannah Grabenstein Located about 100 miles south of Memphis in the Mississippi River Delta, the birthplace of the blues, Mississippi State Prison in Parchman, Mississippi, has become as much a historical landmark as it is a penitentiary. It’s about 30 miles from where Emmett Till was murdered in 1955, and surrounded by uninhabitable swampland. […]

Comrade Malik in Texas stands in Solidarity with the Hunger Strikers at the Allred Unit in Iowa Park, Texas

  By Keith ‘Malik’ Washington Revolutionary Greetings Comrades! There is a hunger strike going on right now at the Allred-Ad-Seg Unit which is located in Iowa Park, Texas. There is a High Security Unit in Iowa Park, Texas and my comrade and fellow IWOC member Xinachtili also known as Alvaro Luna Hernandez is housed there. A […]

Are Florida prisons suppressing an inmate strike or just lying about it?

We don’t know, because prisons are shrouded in secrecy  Prisons around the country keep inmates in, but also keep information out. (AP) CORRECTION: An earlier version of this article incorrectly stated that prisoners paid $17 for a can of soup, rather than a case of soup. In the weeks leading up to Martin Luther King Day, prisoners […]