How Literacy Encouraged Slavery Post Amerikan Revolution Rebellion

When the American Constitution was confirmed through votes in 1789, massive efforts were applied to sustain slave illiteracy and restrict slave mobility. The white masters, were, however, becoming uncomfortable as the slaves were increasingly displaying discontentment. To ensure that their slaves did not see the light and rise, the slaveholders hijacked the two factors that […]

Constitutionally, Slavery Iz Indeed a National Institution

Whether or not the words “slave” or “slavery” appear in the text of the Constitution, they dominate its spirit. Slavery profoundly altered the four months of Constitutional debate with respect to how slaves would be counted for apportionment, how often the census would be taken, how a president would be elected. By the time the […]

Slavery, Terrorism and Native Amerikanz

“As a sane and rational Black man living in America, I feel like a stranger in a strange land, who is neither wanted nor appreciated. Now, if that isn’t the epitome of the Terror, Terrorists, Terrorism theory, I don’t know what is.” – Malik Lindsay- by Peggy S. Butler In chronicling the history of domestic […]

C.R. Patterson and Son Carriage Company

 Meet Amerika’z First and Only Black Car Manufacturer  By Dana C. Ayres There’s an adage that claims that history belongs to the victors. However, with the history of car manufacturing in the United States, the adage is most glaring when people learn about the car manufacturers that didn’t last, like the “Tucker” model. But, how […]


Federal Bureau of Prisons Why Nations Jail By Daniel D’Amico Lead Essay September 14, 2015 Economist Deirdre McCloskey calls the massive increase of living standards that began 200 years ago “the Great Fact.”[1] When looking at the hockey stick–shaped graph of world GDP over time, its importance is obvious. Today’s material wealth is so much greater […]

A Brief History of Slavery and the Originz of Amerikan Policing

Written by Victor E. Kappeler, Ph.D. The birth and development of the American police can be traced to a multitude of historical, legal and political-economic conditions. The institution of slavery and the control of minorities, however, were two of the more formidable historic features of American society shaping early policing. Slave patrols and Night Watches, […]

Race in the US: Know your history

“And then you might understand how the death of Michael Brown became a tipping point in the US.” A’Lelia Bundles | 15 Aug 2015 An African American woman yells ‘Freedom’ when asked to shout so loud it will be heard all over the world at the March on Washington in August 1963 [Express Newspapers/Getty Images/File] […]

The Heroic Guerilla

Scream! Scream! Scream! About that man Who threatened the fires of hell. Stalk forward Bronze Dragon. Breathe pits of fire To melt the molted bars of slavery. Conquer concrete walls With courageous conviction. Teach us the art of raging, Heroic Guerrilla. Copyright 2008, Tolbert Small

“Negro” by Langston Hughez

I am a Negro: Black as the night is black, Black like the depths of my Africa. I’ve been a slave: Caesar told me to keep his door-steps clean. I brushed the boots of Washington. I’ve been a worker: Under my hand the pyramids arose. I made mortar for the Woolworth Building. I’ve been a […]